EMBRYOTOXIC, TERATOGENIC AND ABORTIVE EFFECTS CAUSED BY THE CONSUMPTION OF PLANTS FOR FOOD AND MEDICINAL USE

  • Mariana Macedo Campos
  • Karoline Silva Cabral
  • Priscila Cosendey Rodrigues Nunes
  • Angélica Amaro Valladares Estevam
  • Beatriz Thuler Bianco
  • Beatriz Batista Lima Alves
  • Gabriel da Silva Ventura
  • Rayane de Oliveira Santana
  • Naína Monsores Felix da Silva
  • Lucas Heleno Lopes
  • Fabio A. Mendes
  • Suellen de Oliveira Centro Universitário Celso Lisboa

Resumo

Plants for food and medicine are used by many civilizations throughout history, however, many of them have toxic substances. The main objective of this review is to identify plants used for food and for medicinal purposes, which may cause toxic effects on the embryo. We found that 405 species of plants have at least one of these characteristics: 14% (n = 58) of them are potentially toxic, 21% (n = 85) potentially teratogenic, and 88% (n = 356) are potentially abortive. Although World Health Organization has an updated report on traditional medicine which includes the use of herbs and shows concern about toxicity, it does not mention possible embryotoxic or teratogenic effects. Moreover, in many countries the list of plants that may cause toxicity is outdated. In Brazil, the only document that warns of the risk associated with the consumption of plants during pregnancy contains 109 listed plants, a much smaller number than that presented by our work, emphasizing the need for continuous updating. The disclosure of this information may guide future health education strategies so that pregnant women are informed about the risks of ingesting these plants and preventing them from preserving their own health and that of their baby.

Publicado
2023-07-31
Como Citar
CAMPOS, Mariana Macedo et al. EMBRYOTOXIC, TERATOGENIC AND ABORTIVE EFFECTS CAUSED BY THE CONSUMPTION OF PLANTS FOR FOOD AND MEDICINAL USE. Revista Presença, [S.l.], v. 9, n. 20, p. 152-217, july 2023. ISSN 2447-1534. Disponível em: <https://revistapresenca.celsolisboa.edu.br/index.php/numerohum/article/view/414>. Acesso em: 13 july 2024.
Seção
Artigo Livre

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